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from __future__ import annotations

from functools import cached_property
from typing import TYPE_CHECKING

import redshift_connector
from packaging.version import Version
from redshift_connector import Connection as RedshiftConnection
from sqlalchemy import create_engine
from sqlalchemy.engine.url import URL

from airflow import __version__ as AIRFLOW_VERSION
from airflow.exceptions import AirflowException
from import AwsBaseHook
from airflow.providers.common.sql.hooks.sql import DbApiHook

_IS_AIRFLOW_2_10_OR_HIGHER = Version(Version(AIRFLOW_VERSION).base_version) >= Version("2.10.0")

    from airflow.models.connection import Connection
    from airflow.providers.openlineage.sqlparser import DatabaseInfo

[docs]class RedshiftSQLHook(DbApiHook): """ Execute statements against Amazon Redshift. This hook requires the redshift_conn_id connection. Note: For AWS IAM authentication, use iam in the extra connection parameters and set it to true. Leave the password field empty. This will use the "aws_default" connection to get the temporary token unless you override with aws_conn_id when initializing the hook. The cluster-identifier is extracted from the beginning of the host field, so is optional. It can however be overridden in the extra field. extras example: ``{"iam":true}`` :param redshift_conn_id: reference to :ref:`Amazon Redshift connection id<howto/connection:redshift>` .. note:: get_sqlalchemy_engine() and get_uri() depend on sqlalchemy-amazon-redshift """
[docs] conn_name_attr = "redshift_conn_id"
[docs] default_conn_name = "redshift_default"
[docs] conn_type = "redshift"
[docs] hook_name = "Amazon Redshift"
[docs] supports_autocommit = True
def __init__(self, *args, aws_conn_id: str | None = "aws_default", **kwargs) -> None: super().__init__(*args, **kwargs) self.aws_conn_id = aws_conn_id @classmethod
[docs] def get_ui_field_behaviour(cls) -> dict: """Get custom field behavior.""" return { "hidden_fields": [], "relabeling": {"login": "User", "schema": "Database"}, }
[docs] def conn(self): return self.get_connection(self.redshift_conn_id) # type: ignore[attr-defined]
def _get_conn_params(self) -> dict[str, str | int]: """Retrieve connection parameters.""" conn = self.conn conn_params: dict[str, str | int] = {} if conn.extra_dejson.get("iam", False): conn.login, conn.password, conn.port = self.get_iam_token(conn) if conn.login: conn_params["user"] = conn.login if conn.password: conn_params["password"] = conn.password if conn_params["host"] = if conn.port: conn_params["port"] = conn.port if conn.schema: conn_params["database"] = conn.schema return conn_params
[docs] def get_iam_token(self, conn: Connection) -> tuple[str, str, int]: """ Retrieve a temporary password to connect to Redshift. Port is required. If none is provided, default is used for each service. """ port = conn.port or 5439 is_serverless = conn.extra_dejson.get("is_serverless", False) if is_serverless: serverless_work_group = conn.extra_dejson.get("serverless_work_group") if not serverless_work_group: raise AirflowException( "Please set serverless_work_group in redshift connection to use IAM with" " Redshift Serverless." ) serverless_token_duration_seconds = conn.extra_dejson.get( "serverless_token_duration_seconds", 3600 ) redshift_serverless_client = AwsBaseHook( aws_conn_id=self.aws_conn_id, client_type="redshift-serverless" ).conn # cluster_creds = redshift_serverless_client.get_credentials( dbName=conn.schema, workgroupName=serverless_work_group, durationSeconds=serverless_token_duration_seconds, ) token = cluster_creds["dbPassword"] login = cluster_creds["dbUser"] else: # Pull the custer-identifier from the beginning of the Redshift URL # ex. returns my-cluster cluster_identifier = conn.extra_dejson.get("cluster_identifier") if not cluster_identifier: if cluster_identifier =".", 1)[0] else: raise AirflowException("Please set cluster_identifier or host in redshift connection.") redshift_client = AwsBaseHook(aws_conn_id=self.aws_conn_id, client_type="redshift").conn # cluster_creds = redshift_client.get_cluster_credentials( DbUser=conn.login, DbName=conn.schema, ClusterIdentifier=cluster_identifier, AutoCreate=False, ) token = cluster_creds["DbPassword"] login = cluster_creds["DbUser"] return login, token, port
[docs] def get_uri(self) -> str: """Overridden to use the Redshift dialect as driver name.""" conn_params = self._get_conn_params() if "user" in conn_params: conn_params["username"] = conn_params.pop("user") # Compatibility: The 'create' factory method was added in SQLAlchemy 1.4 # to replace calling the default URL constructor directly. create_url = getattr(URL, "create", URL) return str(create_url(drivername="redshift+redshift_connector", **conn_params))
[docs] def get_sqlalchemy_engine(self, engine_kwargs=None): """Overridden to pass Redshift-specific arguments.""" conn_kwargs = self.conn.extra_dejson if engine_kwargs is None: engine_kwargs = {} if "connect_args" in engine_kwargs: engine_kwargs["connect_args"] = {**conn_kwargs, **engine_kwargs["connect_args"]} else: engine_kwargs["connect_args"] = conn_kwargs return create_engine(self.get_uri(), **engine_kwargs)
[docs] def get_table_primary_key(self, table: str, schema: str | None = "public") -> list[str] | None: """ Get the table's primary key. :param table: Name of the target table :param schema: Name of the target schema, public by default :return: Primary key columns list """ sql = """ select kcu.column_name from information_schema.table_constraints tco join information_schema.key_column_usage kcu on kcu.constraint_name = tco.constraint_name and kcu.constraint_schema = tco.constraint_schema and kcu.constraint_name = tco.constraint_name where tco.constraint_type = 'PRIMARY KEY' and kcu.table_schema = %s and kcu.table_name = %s """ pk_columns = [row[0] for row in self.get_records(sql, (schema, table))] return pk_columns or None
[docs] def get_conn(self) -> RedshiftConnection: """Get a ``redshift_connector.Connection`` object.""" conn_params = self._get_conn_params() conn_kwargs_dejson = self.conn.extra_dejson conn_kwargs: dict = {**conn_params, **conn_kwargs_dejson} return redshift_connector.connect(**conn_kwargs)
[docs] def get_openlineage_database_info(self, connection: Connection) -> DatabaseInfo: """Return Redshift specific information for OpenLineage.""" from airflow.providers.openlineage.sqlparser import DatabaseInfo authority = self._get_openlineage_redshift_authority_part(connection) return DatabaseInfo( scheme="redshift", authority=authority, database=connection.schema, information_schema_table_name="SVV_REDSHIFT_COLUMNS", information_schema_columns=[ "schema_name", "table_name", "column_name", "ordinal_position", "data_type", "database_name", ], is_information_schema_cross_db=True, use_flat_cross_db_query=True, )
def _get_openlineage_redshift_authority_part(self, connection: Connection) -> str: from import AwsBaseHook port = connection.port or 5439 cluster_identifier = None if connection.extra_dejson.get("iam", False): cluster_identifier = connection.extra_dejson.get("cluster_identifier") region_name = AwsBaseHook(aws_conn_id=self.aws_conn_id).region_name identifier = f"{cluster_identifier}.{region_name}" if not cluster_identifier: identifier = self._get_identifier_from_hostname( return f"{identifier}:{port}" def _get_identifier_from_hostname(self, hostname: str) -> str: parts = hostname.split(".") if hostname.endswith("") and len(parts) == 6: return f"{parts[0]}.{parts[2]}" else: self.log.debug( """Could not parse identifier from hostname '%s'. You are probably using IP to connect to Redshift cluster. Expected format: '' Falling back to whole hostname.""", hostname, ) return hostname
[docs] def get_openlineage_database_dialect(self, connection: Connection) -> str: """Return redshift dialect.""" return "redshift"
[docs] def get_openlineage_default_schema(self) -> str | None: """Return current schema. This is usually changed with ``SEARCH_PATH`` parameter.""" if _IS_AIRFLOW_2_10_OR_HIGHER: return self.get_first("SELECT CURRENT_SCHEMA();")[0] return super().get_openlineage_default_schema()

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